Jul 25 2015

Case Study: Andritz Hydro Hammerfest Tidal Turbine

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Imagine a windmill with three blades over 36 feet long, weighing over a hundred tons, providing 3GWh per year of energy, and oh yeah: it’s underwater. This isn’t the result of a futuristic fiction novel; tidal turbines like this are already providing electricity for thousands of homes. Tidal turbines follow the same principle as wind turbines; they capture the energy of a moving fluid. The tidal turbine examined in this case study is the HS1000, a 1MW tidal turbine created by Andritz Hydro Hammerfest.

Locations: EMEC; Sound of Islay, Orkney

Planned Future Locations (Commercial Scale): Caithness at Duncansby; Pentland Firth, Scotland

Location at Sound of Islay, Orkney

Location at Sound of Islay, Orkney

HS1000 Specs:

  • 11.5m pivoting blades, 22m tall tripod base
  • Water Depth: 50-100m
  • Functional Water Speed: 1 to over 4 m/s
  • Rotation per minute: 7-10
  • Nameplate Capacity: 1MW
  • Funding: ScottishPower Renewables is providing just over $32 million for a 10 turbine array in Sound of Islay
Computer Generated Image of Hammerfest Turbine

Computer Generated Image of Hammerfest Turbine










The environmental impact of such turbines is considered negligible in most cases. The most prominent impact is during installation. The only impact considered above negligible following installation is the possibility of collision with locally important species such as the basking shark. However, this is only considered medium since the turbine spins at a relatively slow pace.



The HS1000 is currently in a “deploy and monitor” phase in a planned 86MW array off of the coast of Pentland Firth, Scotland. Construction was scheduled to begin in early 2015, although the current status of the project is unclear.


Works Cited

Clements, Tom. Hutchison, Ian. 2015. Environmental Effects Metadata Survey Form. Meygen Tidal Energy Proect – Phase 1. Web. http://www.meygen.com/

Cox, Nathan. 2012. Plymouth University. Environmental Effects Metadata Survey Form. Orkney Hammerfest Strom Tidal Project. Web.  http://www.hammerfeststrom.com/research-and-development/testing/emec/

Mathisen, Inger Lise. 2012. Environmental Effects Metadata Survey Form. Kvalsund Tidal Turbine Prototype. Web. http://hammerfeststrom.com/research-and-development/testing/kvalsund

ScottishPower Renewables. November 2010. Islay Energy Trust. Sound of Islay Energy Project FAQ. Web. http://islayenergytrust.files.wordpress.com/

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