Jul 20 2016

Yamakura Floating Solar Case Study

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The company Kyocera TCL Solar LLC began construction in December on a new floating solar power plant located on the Yamakura Dam reservoir in Japan’s Chiba Prefecture (Goode, 2016). Floating solar arrays are gaining popularity worldwide, with installations also in the United States and Australia. ‘Floatovoltaics’ have several advantages over land-based solar arrays. Buying or renting land is more expensive than renting space on a reservoir or body of water, and there are fewer regulations for floating farms on non-recreational bodies of water. They can also keep water from evaporating, which makes floating solar an appealing idea for areas affected by drought (Goode, 2016). Land for solar farms is scarce in Japan, so companies like Kyocera have begun to innovate and create floating solar farms.

Project Specs (KYOCERA Solar, 2016):
Location – Yamakura Dam (Ichihara City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan)
Operation – Kyocera TCL Solar LLC
Nameplate Capacity – 13.7 MW
Solar Modules – 50,904 270-watt modules
Expected Annual Power Generation – 16,170 MWh/year
Size – 180,000 square meters, or 44.5 acres
Construction Timeline – Start – December 2015; Completion – March 2018

Benefits: a) Efficiency – The water surrounding a floating solar panel cools the panel and increases efficiency. This means that a floating panel produces more electricity than a similar ground-based panel (Blackwood, 2014).

b) Evaporation – Placing solar panel cover on a reservoir, lake, or other body of water prevents evaporation.

c) Land usage – Placing solar farms on reservoirs allows land to be available for other uses.

Drawbacks:a) Cost – floating mounting systems are more expensive than regular ground-mounted platforms.

b) Maintenance – maintenance is much more difficult when the panels are floating in the middle of a lake, and unexpected weather events could cause more damage to a floating platform than a grounded platform

c) Ecosystem impact – although Kyocera claims that its’ floating platforms will reduce algal blooms, the ecosystem impact of the reduction of UV rays in reservoirs is yet to be fully understood.

Environmental impact: The floating solar array will generate approximately 16,170 megawatt hours per year, which is enough electricity for around 4,970 typical Japanese households. This clean energy will offset 8,170 tons of CO2 emissions annually, which is equivalent to 19,000 barrels of oil (KYOCERA Solar, 2016). Obviously, this solar farm will be a huge step in the right direction in terms of producing carbon-free renewable energy. If this project is economically profitable, then Kyocera will probably pursue dozens more projects on reservoirs in the coming years.

kyocera-corporation-1

Bibliography

Blackwood, K., 2014, World’s Largest Floating Solar Farm under Construction, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v. 12, i. 8, p. 428-432, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/1540-9295-12.8.428/full

Boyd, J., 25 January 2016, Japan Building World’s Largest Floating Solar Power Plant, IEEE Spectrum, http://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/renewables/japan-building-worlds-largest-floating-solar-power-plant

Business Wire, 21 January 2016, KYOCERA TCL Solar Begins Construction on 13.7MW Floating Solar Power Plant, Business Wire, http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160121005416/en/KYOCERA-TCL-Solar-Begins-Construction-13.7MW-Floating

Chow, L., 24 May 2016, 5 Floating Solar Farms Helping Power the World, EcoWatch, http://www.ecowatch.com/5-floating-solar-farms-helping-power-the-world-1891141371.html

Ciel et Terre, 2015, Why Install Floating Solar System?, Ciel & Terre International, http://www.ciel-et-terre.net/

Goode, E., 20 May 2016, New Solar Plants Generate Floating Green Power, New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/24/science/solar-power-floating-on-water.html

Hartzell, T.S., 2016, Evaluating Potential for Floating Solar Installations on Arizona Water Management Infrastructure, The University of Arizona, http://arizona.openrepository.com/arizona/handle/10150/608582

KYOCERA Solar, 21 January 2016, KYOCERA TCL Solar Begins Construction on 13.7 MW Floating Solar Power Plant, KYOCERA, http://www.kyocerasolar.com/about-kyocera/kyocera-solar/news/?id=197

Nield, D., 28 January 2016, The World’s Largest Floating Solar Power Plant is being Built in Japan, Science Alert, http://www.sciencealert.com/the-world-s-largest-floating-solar-power-plant-is-being-built-in-japan

Worldfolio, 2016, Century Tokyo Leasing Corporation, The Worldfolio, http://www.theworldfolio.com/company/century-tokyo-leasing-corporation/1330/